Education

Access, Equity, and Cultural Pride

Image Credit:

1968 Edgewood school protest; Jane Hilgen teaching her English class on the curb in front of Edgewood High School, after she was suspended for her role in the student walkout protesting the school’s discriminatory practices. Ford Foundation.

Sources:

Ayala, Elaine. “Segregation fueled rise of 'escuelitas. '” San Antonio Express-News, May 5, 2013.

Barragán Goetz, Philis. Reading, Writing and Revolution: Escuelitas and the Emergence of a Mexican American Identity in Texas. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2020.

Barrios, Greg. “Walkout in Crystal City.” Teaching Tolerance, no. 35 (Spring 2009).

De León, Arnoldo. They Called Them Greasers: Anglo Attitudes Toward Mexicans in Texas, 1821–1900 (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1983).

Gamboa, Suzanne. “Forgotten History: Chicano Student Walkouts Changed Texas but Inequities Remain.” nbcnews.com, November 23, 2019.

Handbook of Texas Online, Guadalupe San Miguel, Jr., "MEXICAN AMERICANS AND EDUCATION," accessed August 15, 2020,http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/khmmx.

Handbook of Texas Online, Rodolfo Rodríguez, "BILINGUAL EDUCATION," accessed August 15, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/khb02.

Handbook of Texas Online, Rodolfo Rodríguez, "BILINGUAL EDUCATION," accessed August 15, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/khb02.

Handbook of Texas Online, Cynthia E. Orozco, "SPANISH-SPEAKING PTA," accessed August 15, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/kas03.

Handbook of Texas Online, Thomas H. Kreneck, "LITTLE SCHOOL OF THE 400," accessed August 15, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/kdl02.

Martinez, Norma and Lauren Terrazas. “Fronteras: Reading, Writing and Revolution.” Texas Public Radio, February 1, 2019.