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Picket line in Nuevo Laredo supporting the Tex-Son strike in San Antonio of the ILGWU [Sophie Gonzales is 4th from right].

(Photo courtesy of University of Texas at Arlington Libraries, Special Collections)

Picket line in Nuevo Laredo supporting the Tex-Son strike in San Antonio of the ILGWU [Sophie Gonzales is 4th from right].

(Photo courtesy of University of Texas at Arlington Libraries, Special Collections)

Two women on strike against Tex-Son.

(Photo courtesy of University of Texas at Arlington Libraries, Special Collections)

Two women on strike against Tex-Son.

(Photo courtesy of University of Texas at Arlington Libraries, Special Collections)

San Antonio garment workers in jail during 1936 general strike

(Photo courtesy of University of Texas at Arlington Libraries, Special Collections)

San Antonio garment workers in jail during 1936 general strike

(Photo courtesy of University of Texas at Arlington Libraries, Special Collections)

Maria Ernst standing on steps of cigar factory after successful settlement of strike. August 25, 1933.

San Antonio Light Collection, Courtesy of the University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections

Maria Ernst standing on steps of cigar factory after successful settlement of strike. August 25, 1933.

San Antonio Light Collection, Courtesy of the University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections

Emelia Gabriel and Della San Miguel holding tickets to be sold for benefit dance at Mexican casino to raise funds for striking workers. August 19, 1933.

San Antonio Light Collection, Courtesy of the University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections

Emelia Gabriel and Della San Miguel holding tickets to be sold for benefit dance at Mexican casino to raise funds for striking workers. August 19, 1933.

San Antonio Light Collection, Courtesy of the University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections

Striking workers picketing in front of plant. They are wearing banners calling for better working conditions, August 11, 1933.

San Antonio Light Collection, Courtesy of the University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections

Striking workers picketing in front of plant. They are wearing banners calling for better working conditions, August 11, 1933.

San Antonio Light Collection, Courtesy of the University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections

Striking workers in front of the Finck Cigar Factory, on Buena Vista Street. August 10, 1933.

San Antonio Light Collection, Courtesy of the University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections

Striking workers in front of the Finck Cigar Factory, on Buena Vista Street. August 10, 1933.

San Antonio Light Collection, Courtesy of the University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections

Maria and Henry in the 1929 City Directory. Ernst was often misspelled as "Ernest" or "Earnest."

Maria and Henry in the 1929 City Directory. Ernst was often misspelled as "Ernest" or "Earnest."

Maria and her family as they appear on the 1930 census. Note how her racial designation was switched from "W" (white) to "MEX" (Mexican)

Maria and her family as they appear on the 1930 census. Note how her racial designation was switched from "W" (white) to "MEX" (Mexican)

Gloria as a founding Board member of MACRI (the Mexican American Civil Rights Institute) at City Hall. MACRI received a $500,000 two year grant to preserve the history of Latino Civil Rights.

Photo courtesy of Gloria G. Rodriguez. Not to be republished without her permission.

Gloria as a founding Board member of MACRI (the Mexican American Civil Rights Institute) at City Hall. MACRI received a $500,000 two year grant to preserve the history of Latino Civil Rights.

Photo courtesy of Gloria G. Rodriguez. Not to be republished without her permission.